11 March 2020: Dr. Paweł Banaś (Faculty of Philosophy and Faculty of Law and Administration of the Jagiellonian University, Poland) – Legal Facts – An Introduction to Ontology of Law (Room VI, Trg Republike Hrvatske 14, 10:00 – 11:30 am).
In my presentation I plan to introduce one of the most general problems of contemporary metaphysics, namely “the placement problem”. It amounts to a question of how to locate certain metaphysically suspicious facts within our default naturalistic picture of what exists. Among such metaphysically suspicious facts there are i.e. moral, aesthetics but also legal facts.
There are different placement strategies that aim to solve the placement problem. If one aims to provide a substantial (or non-trivial) answer to the question of how propositions of law can be true (or false) in the first place, it is not enough to say that there are some corresponding legal facts. One must also say how these facts fit with the world and all the restrictions that come with it. And this is what placement strategies are about.
During my presentation I will focus on a concept of a legal person – in order to illustrate how different placement strategies (or metaphysical/ontological theories) may help us understand fundamental categories of a legal discourse.
A renewed search for legal certainty is a reaction to the preponderance of judge made law, which has been in turn prompted by the democratic deficit of the EU and the impact of Anglo-American law. The problem is that the search is oblivious to both systematic interpretation and the need of re-systematization of law. The paper defines systematic interpretation, relates the definition to standard French and German conceptions, indicates the room for systematic interpretation in Anglo- American laws, and states prima facie reasons for a re-systematization of law as a prerequisite of systematic interpretation. The problem cannot be appreciated outside its proper context. It is a disregard for causation and evaluation. Hence the paper outlines Aristotle’s understanding of causation and evaluation in his presentation of phronesis, reconsiders continental European legal thought in the light of Aristotle’s presentation, and offers policy-oriented jurisprudence as a remedy to the deficit of evaluation and causation in European legal thought. A solution to the problem offers a typology of criteria and clarifies positive and fundamental legal concepts, positive and fundamental criteria of systematization, and the place of criteria in knowledge of law. The usefulness of the criteria is demonstrated by a common approach to the systematization of law and an alternative diagnosis of a defect of systematization diagnosed by an authority in history and philosophy of law rather than legal theory.
17 October 2019: Prof. Kenneth E. Himma (University of Washington School of Law, USA) – Three Conceptual Problems of Legal Normativity: The Logical Space of Reasons (Room IV, Trg Republike Hrvatske 3, 5:30 – 7:00 pm). Draft paper is here.
18 October 2019: Dr. Petar Popović (Pontifical University of the Holy Cross, Faculty of Canon Law, Italy) – Both Directions at Once? The Ontological Status of the Concept of Law between the Artifactual Theory of Law and the Thomistic Natural-Law Theory (Room IV, Trg Republike Hrvatske 3, 6:00 – 7:30 pm). Draft paper is here.
The call for applications for the IX Edition of the Master in Global Rule of Law & Constitutional Democracy – Génova/Girona has just opened. This Master is a double-degree programme offered by the University of Genoa (Italy) and the University of Girona (Spain).
The deadline for applications is 3 May 2019, 12:00 hrs. (Italian time).
The IX Edition of the Master in Global Rule of Law & Constitutional Democracy (2019-2020) will start on 2nd November 2019, and end on 31 October 2020.
The programme consists of: a) a four-week residential session in Italy; b) three on-line sessions with optional courses; and c) an individual research project.
The teaching faculty of the Master is composed y more than 60 professors, who offer 39 courses (between residential and online courses). The courses will be held in English and/or in Spanish, so reading and oral comprehension of both languages is necessary.
You can find all the information concerning the programme’s structure, courses, funding, and how to apply both in our website (in English) and in the official call for applications (in Italian).